Applied Surface Science, 2017, 433 pp 32-38
Soon WeiChook, Shun XiangYau, Chin Hua Chia, Siew XianChin, SaraniZakaria
The features of templates, such as physical dimensions or functional groups, often affect the in situ growth process of nanoparticles. In this study, a rapid thermal synthesis method was adopted for the synthesis of Ag nanoprisms (AgNPRs) on cellulose nanofibrils (CNF), which were obtained via defibrillations of holocellulose. In comparison, holocellulose and pure cellulose also were used for the attempted synthesis of AgNPRs. The produced nanocomposites were examined for their optical and physical properties using ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The results demonstrate that the reduced of the fibres into nanosize and carboxylate functional groups present on the cellulosic template affects the formation of AgNPRs, with which CNF is able to form AgNPRs. The surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) activity of the CNF-AgNPRs composite was studied and exhibited a higher enhancement, compared to the spherical AgNPs-anchored CNF. The CNF prepared from carboxylated holocellulose not only served as nanoparticles support for the SERS application, it also facilitated the formation of AgNPRs that resulted in a better enhancement SERS signal.